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개발자로서 현장에서 일하면서 새로 접하는 기술들이나 알게된 정보 등을 정리하기 위한 블로그입니다. 운 좋게 미국에서 큰 회사들의 프로젝트에서 컬설턴트로 일하고 있어서 새로운 기술들을 접할 기회가 많이 있습니다. 미국의 IT 프로젝트에서 사용되는 툴들에 대해 많은 분들과 정보를 공유하고 싶습니다.
솔웅

최근에 받은 트랙백

글 보관함


* Bash Script


Auto execute scripts when create instance

- Enter script in Advanced Details text box when you create an instance



In this case, system will execute all these scripts when create the instance.

#!/bin/bash

yum update -y

yum install httpd -y

service httpd start

checkconfig httpd on

cd /var/www/html

aws s3 cp s3://mywebsitebucket-changsoo/index.html /var/www/html


: Update system, install Apache, start httpd server and copy index.html from s3 to /var/www/html folder of the Instance



* Install PHP and create php page


Enter scripts below to Advanced Details when you create an instance


#!/bin/bash

yum update -y

yum install httpd24 php56 git -y

service httpd start

chkconfig httpd on

cd /var/www/html

echo "<?php phpinfo();?>" > test.php

git clone https://github.com/acloudguru/s3


navigate to 'public IP address'/test.php in your browser then you can see PHP INFO page




Access to the server through Terminal


1178578-C02NW6G1G3QD:AWS_SSH changsoopark$ ssh ec2-user@54.89.219.112 -i EC2KeyPair.pem.txt 


.....................


[root@ip-172-31-80-161 ec2-user]# cd /var/www/html

[root@ip-172-31-80-161 html]# ls -l

total 8

drwxr-xr-x 3 root root 4096 Oct 12 23:52 s3

-rw-r--r-- 1 root root   19 Oct 12 23:52 test.php

[root@ip-172-31-80-161 html]# 


==> there is a test.php and downloaded s3 folder from cloudguru's GitHub repository



https://docs.aws.amazon.com/aws-sdk-php/v3/guide/getting-started/installation.html



Installing via Composer

Using Composer is the recommended way to install the AWS SDK for PHP. Composer is a dependency management tool for PHP that allows you to declare the dependencies your project needs and installs them into your project.

  1. Install Composer

    curl -sS https://getcomposer.org/installer | php
    
  2. Run the Composer command to install the latest stable version of the SDK:

    php composer.phar require aws/aws-sdk-php
    
  3. Require Composer's autoloader:

    <?php
    require 'vendor/autoload.php';
    

You can find out more on how to install Composer, configure autoloading, and other best-practices for defining dependencies at getcomposer.org.


[root@ip-172-31-80-161 html]# pwd

/var/www/html

[root@ip-172-31-80-161 html]# curl -sS https://getcomposer.org/installer | php

curl: (35) Network file descriptor is not connected

[root@ip-172-31-80-161 html]# curl -sS https://getcomposer.org/installer | php

All settings correct for using Composer

Downloading...


Composer (version 1.5.2) successfully installed to: /var/www/html/composer.phar

Use it: php composer.phar


[root@ip-172-31-80-161 html]# php composer.phar require aws/aws-sdk-php

Do not run Composer as root/super user! See https://getcomposer.org/root for details

Using version ^3.36 for aws/aws-sdk-php

./composer.json has been created

Loading composer repositories with package information

Updating dependencies (including require-dev)

Package operations: 6 installs, 0 updates, 0 removals

  - Installing mtdowling/jmespath.php (2.4.0): Downloading (100%)         

  - Installing psr/http-message (1.0.1): Downloading (100%)         

  - Installing guzzlehttp/psr7 (1.4.2): Downloading (100%)         

  - Installing guzzlehttp/promises (v1.3.1): Downloading (100%)         

  - Installing guzzlehttp/guzzle (6.3.0): Downloading (100%)         

  - Installing aws/aws-sdk-php (3.36.26): Downloading (100%)         

guzzlehttp/guzzle suggests installing psr/log (Required for using the Log middleware)

aws/aws-sdk-php suggests installing aws/aws-php-sns-message-validator (To validate incoming SNS notifications)

aws/aws-sdk-php suggests installing doctrine/cache (To use the DoctrineCacheAdapter)

Writing lock file

Generating autoload files

[root@ip-172-31-80-161 html]# ls -l

total 1844

-rw-r--r-- 1 root root      62 Oct 13 00:04 composer.json

-rw-r--r-- 1 root root   12973 Oct 13 00:04 composer.lock

-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root 1852323 Oct 13 00:04 composer.phar

drwxr-xr-x 3 root root    4096 Oct 12 23:52 s3

-rw-r--r-- 1 root root      19 Oct 12 23:52 test.php

drwxr-xr-x 8 root root    4096 Oct 13 00:04 vendor

[root@ip-172-31-80-161 html]# cd vendor

[root@ip-172-31-80-161 vendor]# ls -l

total 28

-rw-r--r-- 1 root root  178 Oct 13 00:04 autoload.php

drwxr-xr-x 3 root root 4096 Oct 13 00:04 aws

drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 4096 Oct 13 00:04 bin

drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 4096 Oct 13 00:04 composer

drwxr-xr-x 5 root root 4096 Oct 13 00:04 guzzlehttp

drwxr-xr-x 3 root root 4096 Oct 13 00:04 mtdowling

drwxr-xr-x 3 root root 4096 Oct 13 00:04 psr

[root@ip-172-31-80-161 vendor]# vi autoload.php


<?php


// autoload.php @generated by Composer


require_once __DIR__ . '/composer/autoload_real.php';


return ComposerAutoloaderInit818e4cd87569a511144599b49f2b1fed::getLoader();






* Using the PHP to access to S3



[root@ip-172-31-80-161 s3]# ls -l

total 24

-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 796 Oct 12 23:52 cleanup.php

-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 195 Oct 12 23:52 connecttoaws.php

-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 666 Oct 12 23:52 createbucket.php

-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 993 Oct 12 23:52 createfile.php

-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 735 Oct 12 23:52 readfile.php

-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 193 Oct 12 23:52 README.md

[root@ip-172-31-80-161 s3]# vi createbucket.php 


<?php

//copyright 2015 - A Cloud Guru.


//connection string

include 'connecttoaws.php';


// Create a unique bucket name

$bucket = uniqid("acloudguru", true);


// Create our bucket using our unique bucket name

$result = $client->createBucket(array(

    'Bucket' => $bucket

));


//HTML to Create our webpage

echo "<h1 align=\"center\">Hello Cloud Guru!</h1>";

echo "<div align = \"center\"><img src=\"https://acloud.guru/images/logo-small-optimised.png\"></img></div>";

echo "<h2 align=\"center\">You have successfully created a bucket called {$bucket}</h2>";

echo "<div align=\"center\"><a href=\"createfile.php?bucket=$bucket\">Click Here to Continue</a></div>";

?>


[root@ip-172-31-80-161 s3]# vi connecttoaws.php 


<?php

// Include the SDK using the Composer autoloader

require '/var/www/html/vendor/autoload.php';

$client = new Aws\S3\S3Client([

    'version' => 'latest',

    'region'  => 'us-east-1'

]);

?>


[root@ip-172-31-80-161 s3]# vi createfile.php 


<?php

//Copyright 2015 A Cloud Guru


//Connection string

include 'connecttoaws.php';


/*

Files in Amazon S3 are called "objects" and are stored in buckets. A specific

object is referred to by its key (or name) and holds data. In this file

we create an object called acloudguru.txt that contains the data

'Hello Cloud Gurus!'

and we upload/put it into our newly created bucket.

*/


//get the bucket name

$bucket = $_GET["bucket"];


//create the file name

$key = 'cloudguru.txt';


//put the file and data in our bucket

$result = $client->putObject(array(

    'Bucket' => $bucket,

    'Key'    => $key,

    'Body'   => "Hello Cloud Gurus!"

));


//HTML to create our webpage

echo "<h2 align=\"center\">File - $key has been successfully uploaded to $bucket</h2>";

echo "<div align = \"center\"><img src=\"https://acloud.guru/images/logo-small-optimised.png\"></img></div>";

echo "<div align = \"center\"><a href=\"readfile.php?bucket=$bucket&key=$key\">Click Here To Read Your File</a></div>";

?>


[root@ip-172-31-80-161 s3]# vi readfile.php 


<?php

//connection string

include 'connecttoaws.php';


//code to get our bucket and key names

$bucket = $_GET["bucket"];

$key = $_GET["key"];


//code to read the file on S3

$result = $client->getObject(array(

    'Bucket' => $bucket,

    'Key'    => $key

));

$data = $result['Body'];


//HTML to create our webpage

echo "<h2 align=\"center\">The Bucket is $bucket</h2>";

echo "<h2 align=\"center\">The Object's name is $key</h2>";

echo "<h2 align=\"center\">The Data in the object is $data</h2>";

echo "<div align = \"center\"><img src=\"https://acloud.guru/images/logo-small-optimised.png\"></img></div>";

echo "<div align = \"center\"><a href=\"cleanup.php?bucket=$bucket&key=$key\">Click Here To Remove Files & Bucket</a></div>";

?>

                      

[root@ip-172-31-80-161 s3]# vi cleanup.php 


<?php

//Connection String

include'connecttoaws.php';


//Code to get our bucketname and file name

$bucket = $_GET["bucket"];

$key = $_GET["key"];


//buckets cannot be deleted unless they are empty

//Code to delete our object

$result = $client->deleteObject(array(

    'Bucket' => $bucket,

    'Key'    => $key

));


//code to tell user the file has been deleted.

echo "<h2 align=\"center\">Object $key successfully deleted.</h2>";


//Code to delete our bucket

$result = $client->deleteBucket(array(

    'Bucket' => $bucket

));


//code to create our webpage.

echo "<h2 align=\"center\">Bucket $bucket successfully deleted.</h2>";

echo "<div align = \"center\"><img src=\"https://acloud.guru/images/logo-small-optimised.png\"></img></div>";

echo "<h2 align=\"center\">Good Bye Cloud Gurus!</h2>";

?>


http://54.89.219.112/s3/createbucket.php




acloudguru.... buckets are created in my S3. 

Click on the Link.





cloudguru.txt file has been uploaded to the bucket in S3.

Click on the Link.




Click on the Link.







The bucket has been removed.










* Instance Metadata and User Data


curl http://169.254.169.254/latest/meta-data/ (*****)


How to get the public IP address (Exam *****)


[root@ip-172-31-80-161 s3]# curl http://169.254.169.254/latest/meta-data/

ami-id

ami-launch-index

ami-manifest-path

block-device-mapping/

hostname

iam/

instance-action

instance-id

instance-type

local-hostname

local-ipv4

mac

metrics/

network/

placement/

profile

public-hostname

public-ipv4

public-keys/

reservation-id

security-groups

[root@ip-172-31-80-161 s3]# curl http://169.254.169.254/latest/meta-data/public-ipv4

54.89.219.112[root@ip-172-31-80-161 s3]# 


[root@ip-172-31-80-161 s3]# yum install httpd php php-mysql


[root@ip-172-31-80-161 s3]# service httpd start

Starting httpd: 

[root@ip-172-31-80-161 s3]# yum install git


[root@ip-172-31-80-161 s3]# cd /var/www/html

[root@ip-172-31-80-161 html]# git clone https://github.com/acloudguru/metadata

Cloning into 'metadata'...

remote: Counting objects: 9, done.

remote: Total 9 (delta 0), reused 0 (delta 0), pack-reused 9

Unpacking objects: 100% (9/9), done.



[root@ip-172-31-80-161 s3]# cd /var/www/html

[root@ip-172-31-80-161 html]# git clone https://github.com/acloudguru/metadata

Cloning into 'metadata'...

remote: Counting objects: 9, done.

remote: Total 9 (delta 0), reused 0 (delta 0), pack-reused 9

Unpacking objects: 100% (9/9), done.

[root@ip-172-31-80-161 html]# ls -l

total 1848

-rw-r--r-- 1 root root      62 Oct 13 00:04 composer.json

-rw-r--r-- 1 root root   12973 Oct 13 00:04 composer.lock

-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root 1852323 Oct 13 00:04 composer.phar

drwxr-xr-x 3 root root    4096 Oct 13 00:34 metadata

drwxr-xr-x 3 root root    4096 Oct 13 00:15 s3

-rw-r--r-- 1 root root      19 Oct 12 23:52 test.php

drwxr-xr-x 8 root root    4096 Oct 13 00:08 vendor

[root@ip-172-31-80-161 html]# cd metadata

[root@ip-172-31-80-161 metadata]# ls -l

total 8

-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 676 Oct 13 00:34 curlexample.php

-rw-r--r-- 1 root root  11 Oct 13 00:34 README.md

[root@ip-172-31-80-161 metadata]# vi curlexample.php


<?php

        // create curl resource

        $ch = curl_init();

        $publicip = "http://169.254.169.254/latest/meta-data/public-ipv4";


        // set url

        curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_URL, "$publicip");


        //return the transfer as a string

        curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER, 1);


        // $output contains the output string

        $output = curl_exec($ch);


        // close curl resource to free up system resources

        curl_close($ch);


        // close curl resource to free up system resources

        curl_close($ch);


        //Get the public IP address

        echo "The public IP address for your EC2 instance is $output";

?>


Open a Web Browser
http://54.89.219.112/metadata/curlexample.php





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Comment

  1. 익명 2017.10.29 05:48

    비밀댓글입니다

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